Reformation-era Peasants

Reformation-era Peasants

Reformation-era Peasants were seeking freedom from both religion and politics. Even before the reformation, the peasants and other lower class people were already sick of how the government and church laws ran their towns. “In any case, the Peasants’ War was the...
Commercial Revolution

Commercial Revolution

The Commercial Revolution of the Middle Ages was the growth of Europe’s economy. “Before agricultural expansion stalled in the thirteenth century, however, it stimulated an impressive expansion of trade and industry.” There was a population increase during this...
Church Reform & 12th Century Renaissance Women

Church Reform & 12th Century Renaissance Women

The lives of women during the Church Reform and the Twelfth Century Renaissance did not dramatically improve! The number of nunneries may have skyrocketed after the election of Gregory VII but it didn’t mean that it was easy for them and that boundless opportunities...
Feudal Revolution and Its Impact

Feudal Revolution and Its Impact

“Feudal Revolution” was a change in social, economic, and political system in Medieval Europe. It was described as a “collapse of public justice, new regimes of arbitrary lordship over recently subjected and often intimidated peasants, the multiplication of knights...
Failures of Charlemagne’s Rule

Failures of Charlemagne’s Rule

Assessing the failures of Charlemagne’s rule, historian F.L. Ganshof famously argued that “[Charlemagne] left the Frankish state as he found it.” In my opinion, F.L. Ganshof meant that Charlemagne left his empire weak and divided, just like before he became the...
Rome’s Successor – Byzantine! Why Not!?

Rome’s Successor – Byzantine! Why Not!?

Between Byzantine, Islamic, and Frankish worlds, the state that deserves the title of Rome’s successor is Byzantine. Although Byzantine got most of their culture from Greece, they were able to continue and expand Rome’s traditions in many different ways. The Eastern...

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